The quail, locally known as pugo, is a small game bird found in temperate and tropical regions throughout the world. Quails by some distinction are classified as “game-hunting” birds and as such, quails should not be compared with chicken, whose requirements are different.
The true or Old World quail is a migratory bird that can be found in Europe, Asia, Africa and Australia. The American quail (sometimes called “patridge”) and is non-migratory. In the Bible, quail was served by the Lord to the fleeing Israelites. During the present critical period of population explosion, with rampant malnutrition and unrelenting price rises for both cereal and meat, the quail is an answer to the consumer’s need for cheap eggs and meat, just as it was during that critical Biblical time.
Many people are unfamiliar with the breeds of quail being raised in the Philippines Today. Some are surprised to learn that there is a white quail. All the popular breeds used for eggs and meat commercial production are sub-varieties of the Corturnix species, which is able to produce eggs throughout the year.
The different breeds found in the Philippines are:
- Native – Found in the fields and forests; the common “pugo”. This
quail is not suitable for commercial production.
- Japanese Taiwan – Popularly known as This is protected content.